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明清紫禁城内如何度寒冬:重要宫殿有地暖
2016-12-13 13:41:41   来源:北京晚报    点击:


  现在正值寒冬时节,因为有暖气,使得室内温暖如春。不过,在很多年前的北京城,并不是家家户户都有暖气。明清时期,即便是皇帝生活的紫禁城,也只有一些重要宫殿才能安装“地暖”。

  NEISHI,ZUICHANGJIANDEQUNUANSHEBEIJIUSHIKANG,BUJINHUANGGONGLICHANGJIAN,XUNCHANGBAIXINGJIAYEHUIYONGDAO。LINGWAI,HAIYOUHUOPEN、SHOULUDENGQUNUANGONGJUYEJIWEILIUXING。DANGRAN,ZIJINCHENGLIDEHUOPEN、SHOULUDENGSHEBEIBUJINZHIZUOJINGMEI,BEIHOUHAIZANGZHEZHUDUOGUSHI。

  紫禁城重要宫殿有“地暖”

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  ZHEIXIEGONGDIANDIXIAHUODAODERUKOUYIBANDOUSHEZAIFANGWUDEBEIBIAN,JINQIKOUPINGRIDOUYONGHENHOUDEMUBANGAIZHU,HAILINGSHEYOUPAIYANKOU,BUJINKEYIPAIYAN,HAIKETONGFENGGONGYANG。RUJIN,DAOGUGONGYOULAN,XIXINDEYOUKEHAINENGZAIYIXIEGONGDIANJIANZHUTAIJISHANGJIANDAODIKANGKOU。DIXIAHUODAOYUBEIFANGDIQUMINJIANSUOYONGDEZAOTAIQUNUANYOUYIQUTONGGONGZHIMIAO,ZHIBUGUOHUANGGONGLIDESHEJIBIMINJIANDEHUOKANGXIANJINHENDUO。

  BUGUO,ZHEIZHONGQUNUANFANGSHIBIJIAOFEISHI,YAODATONGGONGDIANDIXIABUFEN,SUOYIZIJINCHENGLIBINGBUSHISUOYOUDEGONGDIANDOUCAIYONGZHEIZHONGQUNUANFANGSHI。

  乾清宫炭火盆引发大火

  ZAIMEIYOUDIXIAHUODAODEGONGDIAN,JUNBEIYOUTANHUOPEN。CONGXIANRENGCUNYUGUGONGDETANHUOPENWENWUKEZHI,NEISHIDETANHUOPENYANGSHIFEICHANGDUO,TAIHEDIANDELIANGGETANPENJUNSHIYONGZAOJIAGAOANGDEJINGTAILANSHAOZHIERCHENG,WEIFANGHUOXINGWAIJIAN,HUOPENWAIHAIJIAGAIYOUBUTONGJINSHUDEWANGGAI,JISHIYONGYOUMEIGUAN。

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  皇太后每年发炭120斤

  HUANGGONGQUNUAN,BUDEBUTIQUNUANDECAILIAO:MEIHEMUTAN。HUANGGONGDEYONGMEIDUOSHILAIZININGXIADETAIXIMEI,TAYINCHUZITAIXIZHENERDEMING。TAIXIMEIWUHEIFALIANG,CHUZHIBURAN,RANZHIWUYANWUWEI,QIEYOUJIGAODEFARELIANG。GUNINGXIADEMEICENGBEICHENGWEI“YUMEI”。

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  QINGDAISHIZIJINCHENGDEZAOBANCHUHAICENGZAIDIANMENWAISHEYOULIANZIKU,TASHIZHUANMENZHIZUOHUANGGONGDONGTIANHUOXIARISHIYONGGEZHONGLIANZIDEJIGOU。LIANZIYECHENG“TANGLIAN”,DONGTIANGUADELIANZIYOUPILIAN、MIANLIAN、MAOZHANLIANDENG。LIANZIYESHIANGUANXIANDENGJILAIXUANGUA:ZIJINCHENGHUANGDI、HUANGHOUYIJIFEIZIDENGQINGONGNEI,WEIBIDONGHANJUNYIQIULIANJINMU,HUOYIPIMIANWEIMUSHENCHUI。ERTAIJIANGONGNVMENDEJUWUZESHISHIYONGPUCAOZHICHENGDECAOLIANZI。

  CHULELIANMU,DIHOUYIJIPINFEIMENDEWOJUZESHIHENHOUDE“KUDUAN”(KUDUAN,YOUMING“HUADUAN”,YUANSHIQINGDAIYUYONG“GONGPIN”,YINZHICHENGHOUSONGRUNEIWUFUDE“DUANPIKU”ERDEMING)、“ZAIRONG”(SIRONGZHIPINZHIYI)DENG,YOUSHIHUANGDIDECHUANGSHANGHAIPUZHEJICENGDAHONGTANYUMINGHUANGTAN。

  DANGRAN,RUGUOZHEIXIEHAIBUZUYIYUHAN,HUANGDI、HUANGHOUHEFEIZIMENHAICHANGSHIYONGTANGPOZI(YONGTONGZHICHENGGUANRURESHUIWENNUANBEIWODEQIMIN)QUNUAN。LINGWAIHAIYOUTONGZHIDENUANSHOULU,NUANJIAOLUHESHOUTILU,ZHEIXIESHEBEIZHIZUOJINGZHI、KAOJIU。

  QIANLONGQUSHIHOU,YIJINCHENMIAOSHULEQIANLONGHUANGDISHENGQIANQUNUANSHIDEYIJIANYISHI。QIANLONGHUANGDI“DONGYIYENUANZU,YONGDAEZISHIBAOHUOZHONGJIRE,YIJIUXUGUOZHI,ZHIZHUBEIZHONG,ZHONGYEWENNUANYICHANG,SUJIANSUOYONGTANGPOZI, BUMIANYOUSHUIQIYE。”

p2p配资平台  QIANLONGSHENGQIANCENGZAI《DONGYEOUCHENG》ZHONGJISHUGUOZIJINCHENGLIDONGJIDEGONGNUANQINGKUANGJIQINSHENGANSHOU,QISHIYUE:“RENKUDONGRIDUAN,WOAIDONGYEZHANG。HAOYUEXUANZHANGKONG,SHUOFENGPIAOSUISHUANG。CHUILIANZAIQUSHU,HONGZHUMINGTUTANG。BOSHANZHUSHUICHEN,HEYIMEIRUIXIANG。QIAOSHIBUJUELENG,LOUSHUIYEWEIYANG。”

  补 白

  明清是第四个寒冷期

p2p配资平台  ZAIZHONGGUOWUQIANNIANQIXIANGSHISHANG,CENGCHUXIANGUOSIGEHANLENGQI,MINGQINGSHIQIWEIDISIGEHANLENGQI。

  GONGYUANQIAN1100NIANDAOGONGYUANQIAN850NIAN,SHIDIYIGEHANLENGQI,CICIHANLENGQI,HENSHAOYOUXIANGGUANDEJIZAI。

p2p配资平台  DIERGEHANLENGQIXIANGDANGXIHANMONIANDAOSUICHU。ZAIDIERGEHANLENGQINEI,SANGUOSHIQIDEWUGUO,TAIPINGNIANJIANDECHUXIASHIJIE,JINGRANCHUXIANLEIBAOYUHOUXIADAXUEDEQIGUAIQIXIANG。

p2p配资平台  TANGZHAOZONGLIYEDETIANFUYUANNIAN(901NIAN),SHIGEDAZAINIAN,XIANSHIXIAQIUZHIJIAO“JIUYU”,RUDONGYIHOUJIUKAISHIXIAXUE,YUHEXUEYIZHIXIADAODIERNIANCHUNTIANYEWEITINGZHI,SHISHUCHENG“ZIDONGZHICHUNYUXUEBUZHI。”ZAIZHEIYANGJIDUANTIANQIXIA,LAOBAIXINGDONGSI、ESIZHEWUSHU,ZAIDANGSHIDEJINGCHENGZHANGAN,SHIYIYUEBIAN“CHENGZHONGXINSHIJUJIN”,“MINDONGESIZHERIYIQIANSHU”。

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  SONGZHEZONGZHAOXUDANGHUANGDIDEYUANYOUERNIAN(1087NIAN),JINGSHI(JINHENANKAIFENG)RUDONGYIHOUTIANTIANXIAXUE,ZHICHUNBUZHI,DAOZHI“KUHAN,MINDONGDUOSI”,ZHAOXUYINCIQUXIAOLEDANGNIANYUANXIAOJIEDEYOUXINGHUODONG。

  CONGMINGCHAOZHONGQIQI,ZHONGGUOJINRULEDISIGEHANLENGQI,YIZHIDAO1900NIANQIANHOUDEQINGMOCAIJIESHU,ZHANGDA500NIAN。GUONEIBAZHEIYISHIQICHENGWEI“MINGQINGXIAOBINGQI”,GUOJISHANGZECHENGWEI“XIANDAIXIAOBINGQI”。ZUIJINDE500NIANZHONG,ZUIHANLENGDEWUSHINIAN,JICHUXIANZAIZHEIYISHIQI,QISHIJIANDAZHIWEI1650NIANZHI1700NIAN。

  《ZHONGGUOQIXIANGZAIHAIDADIAN·ZONGHEJUAN》ZHONGJIZAI,1900NIANYIQIANDE“YANZHONGQIANGHANCHAOZAIHAI”JINJIEXUAN17CI,MINGQINGJIUZHAN13CI。 JINGTAISINIAN(1453NIAN)DONG,ZHONGGUOZIBEIERNANDEDABUFENDIQUDOUXIALEHANJIANDAXUE,HEBEI、SHANDONG、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG、GUANGXIDENGDILIANXIAYIGEDUOYUEDEXUE,DAOZHITAIHUDUANHANG,GANGKOUFENGDONG,“RENCHUDONGSIWANJI”,NANFANGDEGUANGXILIUZHOUDENGDI,HELIDEYUDOUDONGSILE。

  明武宗朱厚照在位的正德八年(1513年),大雪使得南方的太湖、洞庭湖、鄱阳湖等变成了“超级溜冰场”,洞庭湖上“冰合,人骑可行”。
 


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相关热词搜索:紫禁城 地暖 寒冬

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